TWC G6 Livestock Production

Where did animal domestication & livestock production first take place?

Animal Domestication & Livestock production first took place in the area known as the Fertile Crescent around 10,000BC

What are the tell tale signs of animal domestication?

There are several key signs to identify a domesticated animal and they include:

a)Body Morphology
One indication that a particular group of animals might be domesticated is a difference in body size and shape between an archaeological assemblage and animals found in the wild, called morphology.

b)Population Demography
Population demography refers to differences in the range of genders and ages between a domesticated group of animals and those found in the wild.

c)Site Assemblages
Site assemblages--the content and layout of settlements--hold clues to the presence of domesticated animals.

d)Animal Burials
How the remains of an animal are buried has implications about its status as a domesticate.

e)Animal Diet
A domesticated animal will eat differently than one in the wild, normally; and this dietary change may be identified through stable isotope analysis.

Next Page: How were animals chosen for domestication & why so few domesticated?